Citadel Mound Amman



Umayyad Palace with Restored Dome


The Restoration Work


The Basilica


Excavation and Restoration Work on the Chapel






Jordan Tour



The stronghold of the Citadel at Amman's centre, has been controlled by every major empire in the ancient world, and the ruins excavated on the site reflect these changes.


The Assirians ruled here in the 8th century BCE, followed by the Babylonians in the 6th, and the descendents of Alexander's Macedonians, the Ptolomies, whilst ruling Egypt in the 3rd century, followed by the Romans in the 1st century BCE.


However during the 7th century CE, when the area came under the control of the Umayyads  it's name was changed back to Amman. Amman then stayed under the rule of the Abbasids and Mamlukes Arabs, before being conquered by the Ottoman Turks in the 19th century CE.


At the Centre of the Umayyad Muslim's settlement on the Citadel, named by the Muslims Jebel el-Qala,' is the Umayyad Palace, which has had the dome completely restored.


The palace was built over a Byzantine pretorium in the 8th century, standing in a courtyard which contains the remains of a mosque, and a small section of the mosque's wall which has been reconstructed. The entrance to the large vestibule is through an arched doorway. The palace was supplied with water from an adjacent cistern capable of holding 250,000 gallons, and supplied by rainwater through inlet channels.


Although the 8th century Arab buildings dominate the hilltop now, there are still some Byzantine Xtian buildings visible. These include a small chapel dating from the 4th century, and a basilica built, with its nave  flanked by columns, during the 5th and 6th centuries. The Byzantines made Amman the seat of one of their bishoprics.