Mount Snowdon

& Snowdonia National Park



Snowdonia National Park was established in 1951 as the third national park in England and Wales. It covers 827 square miles, and has 37 miles of coastline.


The area surrounding Mount Snowdon, the highest mountain in Wales at 3,560 feet, being specifically called Eryri which means highlands.


Although Snowdonia is generally associated with Mount Snowdon, the Snowdonia National Park actually stretches from the town of Conway in the north, down the Vale of Conway via Trefriw to Betws-y-Coed to the east of the Snowdon Massif, westwards to the start of the Llyn Peninsular at Porthmadog, down the coast to Aberdyfi, and eastwards to Lake Bala.


The park which attracts over 6 million visitors annually, has nearly 30,000 people living there of which over a half speak Welsh.


Snowdonia however is not just mountainous uplands, it also has many forested areas and a magnificent coastline.


The natural forests are generally deciduous, being largely made up of Ash, Rowan, Hazel, Birch and Welsh Oak. There are also planted forests within the park, mainly coniferous, like the Gwydir Forest found near Betws-y-Coed. But there is plans to let future reforestation to be natural.



There are several rare plant species to be found in Snowdonia, the arctic alpine Snowdon Lily, found in the northern parts, and Snowdonia is the only place in the world where the Snowdonian Hawkweed grows. Also in the northern areas the rainbow coloured Snowdon Beetle is to be found.


The eco systems of the sand dunes lying down the coast between the Llyn Peninsular and Central Wales make it designated as a Special Area of Conservation.


There is evidence of much former mining within the park, and also huge area of slate quarrying which has mostly now become redundant.


At the foot of Mount Snowdon, lying in the Llanberis Pass near the Snowdon Mountain Railway terminal, is the Electric Mountain. A power station has been cut deep into the mountain to house massive generator turbines. The turbines are powered during peak energy requirements by water cascading from an upper lake down inside the mountain into Llyn Padarn. The water is then pumped back up to the top lake using electricity when peak demands have fallen.


It is a few years since I toured the site, but at that time Merlin was guiding the tours?









The Snowdinia Mountain Railway


Mountain Lake



Britain Tour