Ancient Pool of Apollo



Hierapolis the site of continuous seismic activity, has been a health centre since ancient times, the properties of it's thermal springs known all across the Roman Empire. The waters which are between 40 and 60 C have a very high mineral content and radiation.


The ancient pool in use today took its shape following an earthquake during the 7th century, when the marble portico and columns fell into the waters, around which you swim.


The original place of worship at Hierapolis was the Plutonium, a natural cave built over the fault line, which gave off poisonous gases, and was considered the entrance to Hades. The gas was so strong that anyone entering the temnos in front of the temple would be overcome by fumes.


The eunuch priests of Cybele would enter the cave with small animals and miraculously reappear with the dead animals. This was because the gas lay along the ground whilst higher up was free of it.


The priests of Cybele would deliver an oracle to anyone who journeyed to the temple, and of course paid the fee.


During the Hellenistic period, a Sanctuary was built dedicated to Apollo. Temples to Apollo were generally built on active geological faults as at Delphi.


When Xtianity invaded Anatolia in the 4th century CE, the temple was destroyed, and the Plutonium was bricked up.






Pool of Apollo


Nymphs (and the Odd Shepherd)

Bathing in the Pool






Pamukkale Tour