New York




In 1524 the French obtained the services of Giovanni da Verrazzano, an experienced Italian navigator and explorer, to find a route to China across the Atlantic Ocean. He failed miserably, his journey was brought to an abrupt end when he reached the Americas. He ventured into a large natural harbour on the eastern seaboard, and found the area to be inhabited by over five thousand Lenape Native Indians, the Delaware Tribes.


By 1614 a Dutch fur trading settlement, called New Amsterdam, had been established on Manhattan Island in the bay, and the Island was purchased from the local Indians for a bag of beads.


Their rule was short lived, during the long running Anglo Dutch war, started under the commonwealth rule of Cromwell but lingering on into the reformation; the English conquered the area in 1664 and took control of the newly named New York. Little by little the native tribe diminished, to be replaced by the influx of Europeans.


During the American Revolutionary War the British community in New York were subjected to repeated attacks by American terrorists (freedom fighters!) who shelled the city, and caused considerable destruction and loss of civilian life when they burnt down a quarter of the city.


On the seaward approach into New York you are greeted by the glorious sight of the Statue of Liberty (Liberty Enlightening the World). Originally designed by Bartholdi to stand at the entrance to the Suez Canal, this gigantic representation of Isis the Egyptian Goddess was built by the famous Mr Eiffel, both men being heavily into the Egyptian occult.


Amongst the major sites in New York is the Empire State Building which when completed in 1931 was the tallest building in the world until the North Tower of the World Trade Centre was built in 1972.


Both buildings have a similar history, a US B25 bomber having crashed into the 80th floor of the Empire State in 1945, causing considerable damage and a fire during which 14 people died. The slight difference being that the fire was put out within 40 minutes and the undamaged parts reopened for business the following Monday. Which goes to prove the difference a few strategically placed charges in the supporting pillars can make.


Photographs  by Valerie




Liberty Island in New York Harbour


Grand Central Terminal


The Brooklyn Bridge


Empire State Building


The 1945 Fire


"The Sphere" a Temporary Memorial



The South