The Creation Of Lake Nasser



In Nubia



In the Nile valley, between the First and Second Cataracts in Nubia, the ancient pharaohs had built many temples. When it was decided to build the Aswan High Dam, it was realised that many of these temples would be covered by the formation of Lake Nasser. Therefore an international effort was undertaken to move the temples from the path of the rising waters.


Those temples dismantled and moved included: the rock temples of Ramses II at Abu Simbel; the large temple of Kalabsha, built by Augustus to the local God Mandulis; the temple of Beit el Wali; the Dakka temple dating from the Ptolomaic times; a temple of Ramses II at Wadi es Sebua; the Roman period temple of Mehraka; an old temple, built under the reign of Thutmosis III and Amenophis II (15th c. BC) at Amada; the rock temple of Derr from the period of Ramses II; Pennutís Tomb at Aniba; the temples of Philae on the island of Agilkia; and the small temple of Qertassi from the same period as Philae.


Four more temples were given to countries who had helped with the urgent and challenging relocation work, but hundreds of important archaeological sites are lost under the waters forever.


Lake Nasser Tour