Lake District

National Park








 The Lake District National Park covers most of the new county of Cumbria, which was formed in 1974 from Cumberland, Westmorland and part of Lancashire.


Sculptured by the Ice Age 10,000 years ago, the area consists of lakes and fells, the largest in England. Inhabited since Neolithic times, there is much Stone Age activity in the area, home to the famous Langdale axe factory and several stone circles.


By Roman times on the low fells farming and sheep rearing were already well established, the sheep being responsible for the closely cropped vegetation so typical of the area.


The area lay on the frontier of the Roman Empire, to the south of Hadrian's Wall. The tribe living in the area were Welsh speaking of the Brythonic tradition, Cumbria being derived from the same word as Cymru and Cornwall, but by the 7th century they were part of the Anglo Saxon kingdom of Northumbria. By the time of the Norman conquest Scotland ruled much of Cumbria until subjugated by William Rufus in 1092.



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