Like Ephesus, Jerash is one of the finest examples in the world of a Roman city that has not been destroyed by subsequent rebuilding. In Roman times Jerash was a member of the Decapolis, a group of ten leading cities in the region. The Emperor Hadrian (of wall fame) visited the city in 129 CE and a Triumphal Arch, which serves as the main gateway to the town, was built in his honour.


Following the Persian invasion of 614 CE, and the Muslim conquest in 636 CE, the city fell into decline. Further damaged by an earthquake in 749 CE, it was found to be uninhabited at the time of the Crusades.


Hadrian's Triumphal Arch at Jerash



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