Turkish History





Seljuk Turk


Constantine the Great, the man responsible for the Roman Empire accepting Christianity as its state religion, moved the Roman capital from Rome to Byzantium in 330, renaming it Constantinople. By 395 the Roman Empire was divided, the western Empire being ruled from Rome, and the eastern Empire (called the Byzantine Empire) ruled from Constantinople. Therefore whilst Rome fell to invaders from the north about 400, the Byzantine Empire carried on, its Emperors ruling over the area until 1071.


 Having already annexed Iran, Palestine and Armenia, the Seljuk Turks were the first Muslim rulers of these lands, and in 1071 they defeated the Byzantine army, and started to replace the Greek language and Christian religion in the area.