Sheltered by coastal hills on the Western coast of Asia Minor, Ephesus was built on the shores of the Aegean Sea. A principal city of Greek colonialists in Turkey, built as a port, business and religious centre.


Later used as administrative centre for the Roman Province of Asia, and the principal port of Asia Minor, as it was central to trade routes. Trading ships brought goods from all countries around the Mediterranean to its harbour, and via caravans along the major road system of the mainland, to which it was  the hub.


Merchants and officials entering Asia used it as their base of operations, and Ephesus soon had a thriving urban community, which by the late first century CE, made it the fourth largest city in the Roman Empire.


It boasted many magnificent public buildings including: a theatre; stadium; gymnasium; baths and library, as well numerous shrines and temples. The Temple of Artemis, set on the hill above the city, was one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.







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