The Dead Sea

     

 

The Dead Sea is the lowest point on the Earths surface. Its eastern bank is in Jordan, and the West Bank is Palestinian territory.

 

It is the location of the destroyed cities of Sodom and Gomorrah, where Lot's wife was turned into a pillar of salt, and Lot hid in a cave.

 

It was in caves overlooking the Dead Sea that the Essenes withdrew from society, and where they left the informative Dead Sea Scrolls at Qumran.

 

It was on the western bank of the sea that Jewish Zealots held the fortress of Masada against the might of Rome, before defeat in 73 CE.

 

The first major export from the Dead Sea was bitumen, which surfaces through the waters naturally, discovered by the Nabateans and sold to the Egyptians who used it in the process of embalment.

 

Another natural product obtained from the waters is potash, the main export from Jordan, which is the main export for use in the fertiliser and pharmaceutical industries.

 

Mainly associated now with the floatation properties of its unique water, the area has many hot springs around its shores, and their healing waters have resulted in many health spas being built.

 

 

Salt Encrusted Beach

 

 

The Site of Many Caves

 

 

 

 

Jordan Tour