Cornwall

 

 

Cornwall has a history that stretches back to the Paleolithic age. Its Cornish name, Kernow, is derived from the Celtic horned god Cernunnos worshipped by the local Cornovii, and associated wrongly by xtians as the devil. Cern being the Celtic word for horn, it is thought to be related to the topography of the Cornish Peninsular, which stretches from the River Tamar to Lands End.

 

The south western peninsular was amongst the first areas of Britain reoccupied after the last ice age and occupation is evident right through the Stone Age and Bronze Age prior to the arrival of the Celts. The Roman conquest had little effect on Cornwall, and after their departure the Celtic rule carried on.

 

Through most of this time mining was prominent in the area, producing tin, copper and silver in huge amounts, large enough to make traders travel from as far away as the Middle East for the metals. It is from this fact that the legend of Jesus having come to Britain as a youth with his uncle Joseph of Arimathea, landing at St Michaels Mount, and also journeying as far as Glastonbury.

 

The Anglo Saxons called them Wealas, foreigners, Cornwealas known as West Wealas, and Wales known as North Wealas. During the 9th century some inroads were made by the Anglo Saxons, but by the 10th century the River Tamar was established as the border between the Cornish Celts and the English in the Kingdom of Wessex to the east. Even after the Norman conquest Cornwall retained much of its separate Celtic identity from the rest of England, with its own flag, customs and language. Cornwall has a large number of towns named after local “Saints,” and holy wells associated with them, although most of the sites and wells are pre xtian Pagan sites.

 

The peninsular of Cornwall stretches out into the Atlantic Ocean into the prevailing westerly weather, giving the north and south coasts their different characteristics, the southern coast being sheltered whilst the northern is open to the big waves and wind from the ocean. This is noticeable in the coastal towns, with the rugged cliffs stretching north from Padstow to Tintagel and Boscastle, and the surfing beaches of Widemouth and Newquay compared with the sheltered anchorages of Penzance, Marazion, Falmouth, Mevagissey, and Fowey on the southern “Cornish Riviera.” The two coastlines are divided by the granite spine running through the county, the largest and best known area being the Bodmin Moor.

   

Padstow

 

Widemouth Bay

 

The Canal at Bude

 

Boscastle

 

The Eden Project

 

Saint Mawes

 

 

Britain Tour