Corinth

Greece

 

 

 

Glauke Fountain

 

Temple of Apollo

 

Sacred Spring (Bema) in the Agora

 

Fountain of Pirene

 

The Basilica

 

 

 

Athens Delphi

Mycenae Epidauros Eleusis

 

 

 

The ancient city of Corinth was built on the narrow stretch of land that separates mainland Greece from the Peloponnese. It was this strategic position that was to give the city it's wealth and power.

 

The four mile wide Isthmus between the Gulf of Corinth and the Saronic Gulf was a major barrier to the sea oriented Greeks, putting hundreds of miles on their journeys. Although Periander did come up with the idea of cutting a canal through, the task was too great for their technology, and the Corinthian Canal was not cut until the 19th century. They did however come up with the brilliant idea of lifting the ships onto trolleys and pulling them up a road (Diolkos) to the other side, and the even better idea of charging a toll for it.

 

Famous for its Corinthian design architecture more luxuriant than the Doric and Ionian, and well known for it's black figure pottery, Corinth also developed the Trireme, which won the first recorded naval battle, a design that would reign supreme in all navies of the Mediterranean until well into the later Roman Empire.

 

The city was founded in the Neolithic age 6000 BCE, but was conquered by the Dorians during the Mycenaean Bronze age.

 

The temple of love dedicated to Aphrodites, built on it's acropolis, employing a thousand temple prostitutes, was also a vast source of income, and it was said "no one who is poor should go to Corinth."

 

Like all city states, Corinth was fickle with it's alliances, often an enemy of Athens and ally of Sparta. It was a major player in Greece's political intrigues, and during the Trojan war came under the leadership of Agamemnon.

 

The Romans  sacked and burnt the city in 146 BCE after killing all the men, but Julius Caesar rebuilt the city, in 44 BCE, to be used for demobbed Roman soldiers, and it regained some of it's former glory days of wealth and immorality.

 

Corinth was subsequently plagued by earthquakes, invasions and theft of it's treasures