Baildon Moor

Bradford

 

Adjacent to the famous Ilkley Moor, to the north of Bradford, is the lesser known Baildon Moor, with the town of Baildon nestling between the moors and the Valley below, through which flow the River Aire and the Leeds and Liverpool Canal.

 

The first record of Baildon is in correspondence between the King and the Archbishop of York, in 835 CE, gifting the land to the church, which held it until the 15th century.

 

However there is much evidence of substantial Neolithic and Bronze Age settlement right across the moorland plateau.

 

On a level area overlooking the ravine at the top of Shipley Glen, are the most significant Neolithic monuments of the area. The Soldiers Trench, a 30 foot diameter double ring of stones with a bank, with assorted outriders, and Collís Burial Cairn, a badly eroded burial mound, one of several in the area.

 

There are many stones with well preserved cup and ring markings spread across this area of the moors, although several have been moved from their original location. A large majority of the stones lie in the vicinity of Dobrudden Farm Caravan Park. There are also the remains of a Bronze Age field system, and artefacts including axe heads and flint arrow heads.

 

The land was held by the Abbey at Rievaulx, and was heavily mined from at least 1387 as can be seen by the numerous bell pits, and also used for grazing for their large herds. There was also a thriving quarrying industry, utilizing the natural outcrops of millstone grit in the area, cutting and manufacturing millstones.

 

A Gypsy gathering was held annually in Jenny Lane, first recorded in 1770 but dating back to much earlier, comprising of a carnival for local residents and a horse and spouse trading time for the Gypsies themselves.

 

The gathering, having lost popularity with the Gypsies, faded away after 1897 and despite efforts to revive the carnival again in 1929, under the guidance of the Petulengro family, when World War II started it saw itís final curtain.

 

The Soldier's Trench

 

A Bell Pit

 

Marked Stone

 

 

 

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